Antonio Vivaldi took four Sonnets,
apparently written by himself. Each of the four sonnets is expressed in a
concerto, which in turn is divided into three phrases or ideas, reflected in
the three movements (fast-slow-fast) of each concerto.
Summer describes the song of the cuckoo, the turtledove and the finch.
This story tells of how Peter ventures into a meadow (which his
grandfather has made off-limits to him) and together with his animal friends
(a bird, a cat and a duck) catches a wolf.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Tamino is presented with a magic flute, to give alarm and invoke
assistance in cases of peril. Papageno, the bird-catcher, who accompanies
him, is furnished with musical instruments which, when played, transform
anger into laughter and provoke a desire for dancing.
In The Lark Ascending, Vaughan Williams found inspiration in a poem by the
English poet George Meredith (1828-1909).
Olivier Messiaen composed in the third movement the
'Abyss of the birds.' Clarinet alone. The abyss is Time with its
sadness, its weariness. The birds are the opposite to Time; they are our
desire for light, for stars, for rainbows, and for jubilant songs.
Janequin. The programmatic
chansons for which Janequin is famous were long, sectional pieces, and usually
cleverly imitated natural or man-made sounds. Le chant des oiseaux